How Ellen White Influenced the Adventist Health Message
Seventh-day Adventists are known for their emphasis on healthy living. And Ellen G. White was a significant influence in the development of this priority and practice among Adventists.
She taught that caring for our body, mind, and soul is every Christian’s responsibility to self, to society, and to God—our creator and sustainer.
In this post, we’ll cover how Ellen White’s writings became a significant contribution to the understanding and application of the Adventist health message. We’ll explore:
Ellen White’s role in developing the health message of the Adventist Church
Ellen White’s interest in health started early as she suffered a childhood injury that affected her quality of life. She also had experience caring for the sick in her family, especially her husband, James White.
But beyond her personal journey in healthy living, she also advocated for a healthier lifestyle among her fellow Christians. Her understanding of health principles expanded over time as she received inspiration from God, with major milestones being:
- December 1848 – Counsel to avoid tobacco, tea, and coffee
- February 1854 – Emphasis on personal hygiene and being mindful of appetite
- June 1863 – Detailed counsel on preventing disease, and daily habits of healthy living
- December 1865 – Counsel to start a health center to care for the sick and offer training on healthy living
She wrote these principles in pamphlets, as articles in the Adventist Church’s periodicals, and also shared them as personal letters or counsel to individuals or the collective church.
Then she put them all together in books like The Ministry of Healing. And much later, the custodians of her writings, the Ellen G. White Estate, compiled her writings on health into topical books like Counsels on Diet and Foods, Medical Ministry, etc.
These principles were a guiding light for Adventists in their application and practice of what became known as the Adventist Health Message.
But the journey of learning these teachings, or of making them a way of life, was not easy. It took serious adjustments and a shift of mindsets from what was considered “normal” at the time.
Here’s a glimpse of how it happened.
Early Adventists and the health message
Once the Adventist Church was established in terms of its doctrines and organizational structure, Ellen White shifted her attention to the health of church members.
And for good reason.
By the early 1860s, many Adventist church leaders and workers were falling sick. Most of the illnesses were caused by poor personal hygiene, overwork, unhealthy living conditions, and other preventable causes.
In the 19th century, health practices that we consider so obvious today were unheard of or neglected.
So she started advocating for hygienic living, healthier diet, and using natural means to treat disease.
Ellen White’s counsel on healthy living
Ellen White began by showing why taking care of our health is a way we can respond to God’s love. And it can also help us be more able to serve Him and grow in our faith.
Referencing 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 in the Bible, she showed that our spiritual growth and experience is influenced by the state of our physical wellbeing. Since the body is the “temple of the Holy Spirit,” it only makes sense to take good care of it as a continual act of worship (NKJV).1
She was also very clear that following these health principles was not a way for someone to earn salvation. And that a person’s maturity or spirituality was not to be judged by their current state of health.
In fact, though many people now call them the “laws of health,” they aren’t to be regarded as holy regulations or rigid rules.
Instead, they were to be viewed as an expression of our love and gratitude to God. We tend to our health as part of our willingness to follow what He’s revealed to be the best path for us because He loves us and wants the best for us.2
Also, Ellen White showed that our mental health is linked to our physical well being. A problem in physical health also affects the function of the mind. And a troubled emotional and mental state leads to poor physical health.
With this understanding, the Christian’s watchword in the area of health was to promote and maintain life and good health.3
So what did that look like?
Here’s a summary of the health principles and practices she advocated for through her writings:
God is the source of health and healing
Ellen White was always quick to acknowledge that God is the giver of life, and only He can restore health.
That in all our efforts to maintain a healthy body, mind and soul, we are simply cooperating with God, the healer. She wrote:
“All life-giving power is from Him. When one recovers from disease, it is God who restores him.”4
It’s like the way even modern medicine doesn’t “heal” the body. Treatments and procedures aid the body in fighting disease and injury, but it’s still the body’s natural, existing systems that do the healing. For example, a doctor sets a bone after it breaks, but it’s the body’s healing processes that mend the bone.
Eating the most nutritious diet5
Ellen White promoted a progressive shift from a mostly meat-based diet to a vegetarian diet. She wrote:
“Grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables constitute the diet chosen for us by our Creator. These foods, prepared in as simple and natural a manner as possible, are the most healthful and nourishing. They impart a strength, a power of endurance, and a vigor of intellect, that are not afforded by a more complex and stimulating diet.”6
Notice that she says the food should be prepared in “as simple and natural a manner as possible.” By this, she encouraged using whole foods instead of highly processed products.
She also covers many details of how to cook in the healthiest way, how to plan out our meals, the ideal frequency of eating those meals, avoiding too much sugar and saturated fat etc.
The details of all these practical tips on healthy diet are compiled in her book, Counsels on Diet and Foods.
Avoiding habits that have a damaging effect on the body and mind
She encouraged the people to completely abstain from harmful habits and substances, and to practice moderation even with things that were considered healthy.
She referred to this principle as Christian temperance.
She discouraged the use of tobacco, alcohol, and stimulants. And she also talked about subjects like overeating, overworking, reading fictitious and negatively stimulating publications etc.7
She even addressed some issues caused by the way people commonly dressed in the 19th century.8 Like women’s dresses that were too long and dragged on the ground, even sweeping up filth from the streets and taking it indoors. And not to mention corsets, which were so tight on women’s waists and abdomen that they restricted proper breathing and movement. The trends of the day were actually having a considerably negative effect on their health.9
A compilation of her writings on this principle is now found in the book Temperance.
Many early Adventists were zealous, hard workers. But this good trait often led them to overwork themselves. Many of them, like James White and J.N. Andrews, died young, partly because of fatigue and just pushing themselves too hard.
Ellen White often counseled them to take time to rest. She emphasized the importance of getting enough sleep, with the most beneficial sleep coming from an early bedtime.
For example, in one of her many letters to her coworkers, she said:
“I know from the testimonies given me from time to time for brain workers, that sleep is worth far more before than after midnight. Two hours’ good sleep before twelve o’clock is worth more than four hours after twelve o’clock.”10
Importance of physical exercise11
Ellen White was vocal about the necessity of physical activity in maintaining health, and in the process of treating diseases.
A lot of the workers in the early Adventist Church were writers, editors, preachers, and scholars. And it was common for them to spend their days indoors, studying or working on publications.
This sedentary life, coupled by sleepless nights and overwork, often led to very poor health among the ranks of Adventist pioneers.
So Ellen White made it a point to emphasize the importance of them balancing between mental and physical exertion. She asked them to spend some time outdoors each day, exercising or working in the sunshine and fresh air.
She also showed how physical activity was essential in promoting healing for the sick.
That’s why when she advocated for Adventists to start their own health clinics called Sanitarium, she ensured physical exercise was part of the patients’ daily routine. And for those who were too weak to exercise, massage would be a healthy option.12
Also, as part of the Adventist education system’s curriculum, she insisted on students balancing between studying in class and working outdoors.
And together with this, she called attention to other practices like proper posture, and proper use of the voice in speaking and singing.
Use of natural agents to promote health and healing
Ellen White promoted natural remedies rather than the medicines of the day for healing.
In the 19th century, the pharmaceutical industry was in its infancy. And though not intending harm, some of the medicines prescribed by physicians included poisonous substances like strychnine and arsenic, and powerful narcotics like cocaine.13
Because of such medical practices, Ellen White encouraged skillful use of harmless natural remedies for treatment. She wrote:
“Pure air, sunlight, abstemiousness, rest, exercise, proper diet, the use of water, trust in divine power—these are the true remedies. Every person should have a knowledge of nature’s remedial agencies and how to apply them.”14
She especially promoted water hydrotherapy and medicinal herbs as effective treatment methods without adverse side effects.15
This doesn’t mean she indiscriminately rejected all drugs.
She was not opposed to some surgical procedures, or drugs like Quinine which if properly administered when needed could save lives.16
Adventists adopted these principles and practiced them in their homes. And when they opened health centers, they were organized such that these principles were also practiced at institutional levels on the patients.
These principles have been addressed in depth in the book The Ministry of Healing.
But you may wonder how Adventists apply these principles, given in the 19th century, today in the 21st century.
Let’s look at that next.
Adventist understanding and practice of the health message today
Through the years, Adventists and the Adventist healthcare system have stayed on the cutting edge of medical research and discovery.
There’s been massive progress in the fields of medical and public health in the past century. Discoveries on safe equipment and procedures of preventing, diagnosing, and treatment of disease have been made. And Adventists have carefully adopted these practices.
Yet with all the advances, the principles on healthy living that Ellen White promoted have proved to be timeless.
They still uphold and practice the laws of health in their homes, hospitals, and lifestyle centers.
They have also found innovative ways to teach these principles drawn from Ellen White’s writings in an easy way as lifestyle education programs. Examples of such programs include:
- CREATION Health by Advent Health at Florida Hospital
- NEWSTART lifestyle program by Weimar Lifestyle Center
- CHIP Australia
The most popular of these is the NEWSTART program, which is an acronym for the different laws of health:
- N – Nutrition
- E – Exercise
- W – Water
- S – Sunshine
- T – Temperance
- A – Fresh Air
- R – Rest
- T – Trust in Divine Power
This is the model used in most Adventist health education sessions today.
The health message has remained to be an integral part of every Adventist evangelistic effort.
In the next section, we’ll look at how Ellen White taught of the health message being included in the Adventist evangelistic model.
Ellen White’s contributions to Adventist health care and medical evangelism
From the end of 1865, Ellen White started urging the Church to start health centers that would follow these health principles in caring for the sick. They would also teach those principles to patients and their families, so they could go home armed with information that could help them maintain better health.
And just as the right hand is always active to make life easier for the human body, she referred to the health message as “the right arm” of the gospel.17
This health ministry was commonly called medical missionary work, or medical evangelism, since it was a way to live out Jesus’ healing ministry. And to ensure these health care sites had well-trained workers, Ellen White promoted the establishment of proper training institutions.
Details of how this would be carried out is found in her book Medical Ministry.
The first of these institutions was the College of Medical Evangelists in California—present day Loma Linda University.
And Loma Linda University has been on the forefront of recent scientific research that has shown Ellen White’s counsel on health to be scientifically correct.
Let’s look at what they found out.
Ellen White’s writings and medical science today
Modern science and research is showing us even more about the benefits of personal hygiene,18 exercise,19 drinking enough water,20 having enough rest,21 getting adequate sunlight,22 and fresh air23 etc.
And while this information has become almost obvious to us today, society was generally ignorant of this in Ellen White’s time.
Those who followed her counsel enjoyed health benefits that others would catch up on decades later. She was ahead of her time.
Here’s some modern research to demonstrate just that:
Since 1958, Loma Linda University has undertaken a series of long-term medical research called the Adventist Health Studies (AHS).
These studies, conducted among Seventh-day Adventists, have shown how their healthy lifestyle has yielded positive results. Adventists have a significantly lower death rate from cancer, heart disease, and stroke, which has a direct relation to their adherence to the health principles that Ellen White wrote about.
To learn more about these studies, read our article on Adventist Health Studies.
Another recent study on Adventists is Blue Zones, conducted by Dan Buettner and National Geographic.
It located five communities in the world with the highest concentration of people who’ve lived to 100 without health problems.
One of these locations was Loma Linda, California.
This is the place with the highest number of Adventists in North America, and they live up to 10 healthy years more than the average American.
“They follow the biblical diet of grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables.”26 The diet that Ellen White wrote about over 150 years ago.
But Ellen white was not the only one advocating for health reform. There were others, some of whom she even worked with.
Other health reformers during Ellen White’s time
In general, there were many temperance movements in the 1800s, especially calling for abstinence from alcohol, tobacco, and other narcotics.27
Ellen White often supported these, and even spoke at some of their meetings.
But there were other notable reformers who shared some of her stances on health. In fact, she first experienced water treatments from a sanitarium called “Our Home on the Hillside,” at Dansville, New York, operated by one, Dr. James Caleb Jackson. He practiced some of the health principles that Ellen White advocated for, like hydrotherapy. But they were also against other practices like physical activity for the sick and praying.28
Earlier in the 19th century, Sylvester Graham was a famous reformer, especially pushing for dietary reforms. He is most remembered for his 1837 Treatise on Bread and Bread Making. He promoted the use of whole wheat flour to make bread. The flour came to be called “Graham flour.”29 And even Ellen White promoted its use.
Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was also a health reformer. Like Ellen White, he taught that caring for our bodies is essential since our bodies are God’s temples (1 Corinthians 6:19). He also taught personal hygiene, good nutrition, and abstinence from alcohol, tobacco, and coffee.30
So, Ellen White joined these reformers in promoting healthy living in their time.
What sets her counsels apart is her holistic approach to health. She promoted health of body, mind, and spirit. And above all, tied it all to the Christian’s relationship with a God who wants nothing but health and happiness for us.
Ellen White’s counsels on health are practical, reasonable, and God-led
Ellen White indeed played a huge role in promoting healthful living among her fellow believers, also prompting them to share these practical, sometimes live-saving tips with all who were suffering.
Through her writing, God used her to help craft a health message that deals with the whole person—not just symptoms, or reducing people into a collection of body parts. One that shows us how God wants us to live our best lives, physically, mentally, and spiritually. It also helps us be better able to serve God and one another in His love (3 John 1:2).
And this is what has led to the Adventist health system we know today. From her counsel, Adventists came to view health care as a call to medical evangelism and health education.
And as science continues to show, these practical health principles are reasonable and relevant to us, even today.
- White, Ellen G., Letter 85, 1888. [↵]
- White, Spiritual Gifts Vol. 4, (Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association, 1864), pp. 148-149. [↵]
- White, Counsels on Diet and Foods, (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1938), pp. 353,395. [↵]
- White, The Ministry of Healing, p. 112. [↵]
- White, Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 9, (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1909), p. 163. [↵]
- White, The Ministry of Healing, (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1905), p. 296. [↵]
- White, Testimonies for the Church Vol.1, (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1865), p. 618. [↵]
- https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/how-19th-century-activists-ditched-corsets-for-one-piece-long-underwear-180976774/ [↵]
- White, The Health Reformer, December 1, 1871. [↵]
- White, Letter 85, May 10, 1888. [↵]
- White, Mind Character, and Personality, Vol.1, (Southern Publishing Association, 1977), pp. 115-122. [↵]
- White, Testimonies for the Church, vol. 3, p. 76. [↵]
- Drugs And Their Manufacture In The Nineteenth Century: https://collections.countway.harvard.edu/onview/exhibits/show/apothecary-jars/nineteenth-century-drugs [↵]
- White, The Ministry of Healing, pp.127-128. [↵]
- White, Selected Messages Book 2, (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1958), p. 288. [↵]
- Ibid., pp. 281-284. [↵]
- White, Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 6, (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1901), pp. 288-291. [↵]
- https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/personal-hygiene [↵]
- https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/exercise/art-20048389 [↵]
- https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-much-water-should-you-drink [↵]
- https://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/benefits-sleep-more [↵]
- https://www.healthline.com/health/depression/benefits-sunlight [↵]
- https://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2022/01/11/what-are-the-health-benefits-of-fresh-air/ [↵]
- https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/17488-smoking [↵]
- https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm [↵]
- https://www.nationalgeographic.com/books/article/5-blue-zones-where-the-worlds-healthiest-people-live [↵]
- https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/sociology-and-social-reform/social-reform/temperance-movements [↵]
- Housel, Jemison, A Prophet Among You, (Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1955), p. 230. [↵]
- https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/social-sciences-and-law/social-reformers/sylvester-graham [↵]
- https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/manual/gospel-topics/health?lang=eng [↵]
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