Individual or Group Bible Study—Which Is Better?

They’re both great, of course! But depending on where you’re at and what your goals are, it’s worth looking into the different benefits of each.

Individual Bible study allows you—the individual—to dig into a Bible passage on your own time, in a place you choose, without distractions or an agenda. It’s valuable for reflection and meditation, and stopping to pray at any point.

But it requires some self-discipline and time management, and if you run into a passage of Scripture you have questions about, sometimes it can stall your momentum a bit.

Group Bible study, on the other hand, merges study with a sense of community and allows for discussion. Group members keep each other accountable and can share insights or even testimonies.

However, you’re also tied to a specific topic and sometimes you might want to move a little faster…or a little slower.

So could it be that combining these two approaches is the best way to experience the pros and avoid the cons of both?

See what you think as we look at the following:

We’ll make sure each type is properly defined before we get into the comparisons.

What makes an enriching individual Bible study?

Individual Bible study gives you time to privately dig into a topic or passage in the Bible, or you can read it through at your own pace.

In this kind of study, you may choose to follow a study guide that contains questions and directs you to certain passages. Or you might pick a passage and go through it verse by verse, writing down questions you have and comparing it with other passages.

For more depth, you may have a Bible dictionary or historical references that help you understand the text in its original context.

Some people also like to use a concordance to look up other passages that have the same keywords or phrases.

Learn more about the different study methods by reading our page about starting an individual Bible study.

What are the typical components of a group Bible study?

A group Bible study usually involves about three to twelve people getting together regularly to study. Oftentimes, the group will agree on a topic to study or use a pre-made study guide to follow. One person will take the lead each time you meet, and that duty may rotate depending on the group.

This group leader, who is more of a facilitator rather than a teacher, will make some preparations ahead of time to be able to direct the discussion to hit all the key points. They will often begin with an introduction to engage the group members. Then, they lead them through the study guide or Bible passage and ask thought-provoking questions.

Some Bible study groups may have some homework. The members might decide to go through a certain passage that will be discussed during the study. That can be helpful in formulating questions beforehand, or taking note of some interesting things you’d like to point out.

Regardless of the exact details, the purpose of a group study is to create an open and safe space for people to learn more about the Word of God together. The format and dynamics will of course differ from group to group, but many will follow similar models. It might almost feel like a book club meeting in some ways. (Because in most ways, it is!)

Biblical examples

Though people in the Bible didn’t have the Scriptures all collected in a book the way we do today, they still gathered together to learn more about God.

Jesus Himself had a small group that He trained and taught—His twelve disciples (Mark 3:13-19).

And when the early Christian church started, believers met in homes for fellowship, prayer, and learning about the doctrines of the Scriptures (Acts 2:42-47).

The apostle Paul encouraged this practice—an encouragement we can take to heart today:

“Let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near” (Hebrews 10:24-25, ESV).

Bible study groups are one way that we can meet together to encourage each other and “stir up…love and good works.” They allow us to support one another, hold one another accountable, and grow together.

Different kinds of group Bible studies

Group Bible studies come in all kinds of varieties and formats.

Many of them are categorized by age group or stage of life. There are Bible studies for men, women, new parents, and young adults—to name a few.

For Adventists, group studies happen in different settings too, such as:

  • Within a small group in someone’s home
  • During Sabbath School (the Adventist version of Sunday School) at church every week
  • During a midweek gathering (often known as “prayer meeting”) at church

Sometimes, the group Bible study might have a special purpose, such as preparing the members for baptism. These studies, called baptismal studies, are often led by a pastor or a trained Bible instructor.

To learn more about getting involved with baptismal studies, reach out to your local church’s pastor.

Now that we know a bit more about group Bible studies, let’s see how they compare to individual ones.

What are the similarities and differences between a group Bible study and an individual Bible study?

Both group and individual Bible studies usually involve an in-depth dive into the Word of God, and a study guide may be used in either case. But the biggest difference is the change in dynamics from studying alone to studying in a group.

Being in a small group provides a sense of community. It allows people to connect with like-minded individuals and learn together about God’s Word. They’re able to encourage each other.

A group study will also have more structure—which can be a pro or a con. Often, the study will be based on pre-prepared material, so you may not get to choose the topic. As a result, you may not get to study something you’d like to study, and perhaps the discussion heads in a different direction than you were hoping.

In the process, however, you might learn something new and interesting!

And though individual study can lead to some incredible discoveries, people in a group setting get to share insights from their diverse backgrounds and experiences. You may reach conclusions you wouldn’t have thought of on your own.

Proverbs 27:17 puts it this way: “Iron sharpens iron, and one person sharpens another” (CSB).

Part of this sharpening occurs as the group offers the motivation and accountability for applying the insights from the Word of God.

When we’re on our own, we can spend a lot of time in prayer and make efforts to journal, or if we want to keep on reading, we can. But sometimes we need some external motivation to help us grow. Sometimes we’re hesitant to tackle some challenging concepts on our own, and it can be tempting to skip over some parts. But a group can stretch and challenge us beyond our comfort zones and broaden our perspectives.

So, how can we experience these benefits?

How to have an effective Bible study group

A Christian praying for guidance before planning a small group Bible study

Photo by Humble Lamb on Unsplash

A Bible study group doesn’t have to be difficult to start. It simply takes some intentionality to create an engaging experience for everyone involved.

Here are some basic principles:


Prayer should be the foundation of every Bible study group. As you plan your first one, pray for the Holy Spirit to guide your decisions. And pray for the personal growth of each of the individuals who will be in the group.

Decide on a purpose

Consider what you want the group’s focus and target audience to be.

Will it be about getting acquainted with the different aspects of God’s character? Or learning relevant lessons from lesser-known Bible stories? Or finding biblical wisdom for parenting?

Once you’ve decided your purpose, it’s time to get practical.

Make a plan

Decide when and where the study will take place. Be sure to develop a consistent schedule—such as weekly, biweekly, or monthly—so the members will come to expect the study.

Also, pick a topic to study or a workbook to use. What you choose will depend on the purpose you decided for your group.


If you plan to facilitate the study, take some time to pray and prepare ahead of time. You’ll want to be familiar with the contents of the weekly plan or lesson.

Highlight important points or questions you want to ask. Make a list of the passages you want the group to read. And think of experiences and insights you could share to help get the ball rolling.

If you feel uncomfortable with leading the study, you could also ask someone else to facilitate it. That’s totally okay too! You could even create a rotating facilitator list.

Create a nurturing environment

A key to an enjoyable Bible study atmosphere is providing an opportunity for everyone to share thoughts without feeling judged. When people know their ideas won’t be immediately shot down, they will be more willing to take part in a discussion and explore the concepts.

Encourage your group to be open and accepting of different perspectives while gently directing them to the Word of God for answers. We all come from different backgrounds and experiences, and it can be easy to take for granted the things we’ve already learned. It’s best to take on each concept, each question, each story, with an open heart and mind that can look at it in a new way each time.

Stay grounded in Scripture

At times, Bible study groups can veer away from their purpose, becoming discussions about opinions rather than what the Bible says. That’s why it’s so important for the facilitator to guide the discussion back toward Scripture passages so that all the members are nurtured in their relationship with Christ.

At the same time, it’s not wrong to be open to the Holy Spirit’s leading. Sometimes “rabbit trail” discussions can lead to unexpected insights of biblical truth, or new ways to apply the concepts you’ve been learning about.

And that’s the value of a small group study—experiencing those organic discussions and striving together to understand the truth in a practical way. It can also bond you as a group in ways other activities can’t.

The two types of Bible studies meet different needs

Individual or group Bible studies? Both have their place!

Someone who is new to the Word of God and wants to study its teachings may prefer to study alone to have time to think through concepts.

If you’re a busy mom with young children, it may be easier to study early in the mornings when the kids are asleep.

Or maybe you’re fresh out of college and would love the social aspect of a group that meets weekly.

Depending on your personality, interests, and needs, one may be more relevant to you at a certain season in your life than the other. Or, you may find both beneficial for different aspects of your spiritual growth.

Curious to learn more about Bible study groups in the Adventist Church? Reach out to your local church to find out if it offers any groups like this. If not, maybe you can help start one, using the steps above.

Also, learn more about Sabbath School, a weekly Bible study group that happens at nearly every Adventist Church each Saturday.

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