What do Seventh-day Adventists Believe about the Remnant?

The “remnant” are a group of faithful believers that have existed throughout history and proclaimed God’s truth, love, and plan to save humanity. They “remain” with God even amid persecution and also when it seems everyone else has rebelled against God or compromised their beliefs.

Seventh-day Adventists believe this group, consisting of faithful people from all churches all around the globe, will continue to hold onto God all the way to the end of this world.

Here’s what you’ll learn about the remnant in this post:

Adventists consider this topic of the remnant and its mission as so important that they address it as one of their fundamental beliefs. It reads:

“The universal church is composed of all who truly believe in Christ, but in the last days, a time of widespread apostasy, a remnant has been called out to keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus.

This remnant announces the arrival of the judgment hour, proclaims salvation through Christ, and heralds the approach of His second advent.

This proclamation is symbolized by the three angels of Revelation 14; it coincides with the work of judgment in heaven and results in a work of repentance and reform on earth. Every believer is called to have a personal part in this worldwide witness.”

So let’s learn what the Bible says about this group of people.

What does the Bible teach about the remnant?

The Bible teaches that throughout sacred history, there has always been a remnant—a group of people who persevered as believers, sharing God’s Word with the nations around them. They are the remnant not because of what they do but because of the truth that God entrusted them in His Word.

Here are some Bible verses that mention the remnant.

The prophet Isaiah spoke of the people of Judah as a remnant:

“Unless the Lord of hosts had left to us a very small remnant, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been made like Gomorrah” (Isaiah 1:9, NKJV).

Both Isaiah and Jeremiah referred to the remnant many times, especially that God would bring a remnant of His people back after they had been scattered among the nations:

“In that day the Lord will extend His hand yet a second time to recover the remnant that remains of his people, from Assyria, from Egypt, from Pathros, from Cush, from Elam, from Shinar, from Hamath, and from the coastlands of the sea” (Isaiah 11:11, ESV).

These passages, though speaking of Judah in a local context, can be applied to God’s people today. Being part of the remnant doesn’t mean being Jewish or a literal descendant of Abraham (Romans 9:7–8). At the Second Coming, God will gather all His remnant from throughout the earth and from many nations (Mark 13:26–27).

But before we get ahead of ourselves, we’ll take a look at some examples of the remnant in the Old Testament.

The remnant in the Old Testament

At various times throughout the Old Testament, we find stories of people who held onto God through difficulties and shared messages of truth and warning to those around them.

Though not explicitly called “remnant” people, they fit the dictionary definition of the word remnant as “a usually small part, member, or trace remaining.”

Here are some examples:

Noah and his family

They served as the first example by following God’s instructions, building an ark, and preaching to a corrupt world about the coming flood.

After the Flood, a small group of Noah’s family remained alive, and it became their mission to spread out and proclaim God’s Word (Genesis 6).

The seven thousand believers in Elijah’s time

These were a group of people that remained faithful to God when most of the people in Israel, including its leaders, had turned to idolatry.

Elijah was at a low point, hiding out because those in power wanted him killed for defying their gods. He was discouraged, thinking he was the only follower of God left.

But God encouraged him that there were seven thousand people in Israel who had never bowed down to Baal (1 Kings 19:18).

The Israelites in Egypt

These form another powerful representation of the remnant.

They were a small nation of people who were to be God’s representatives. As His servants, they were also “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Exodus 19:6, NKJV).

And they stood out as unique in a world filled with paganism, idolatry, child-sacrifice, and a host of other unthinkable practices and beliefs.

Israel had sacred truths that contrasted these primitive beliefs, such as:

  • The Sabbath (Genesis 2: 2-3
  • The law of God (Exodus 20:1-17)
  • The sanctuary (Exodus 15:17)
  • The plan of salvation (Isaiah 53: 1-11)
  • Creation (Genesis 1-2)

These truths were all but lost to the pagan nations around them. But not because God was keeping them a secret—rather many had chosen to reject God and His truths.

So the Israelites weren’t just meant to be “special” people to waltz around as “holier than thou,” but they were to witness to the world around them of the true God. They were meant to share and grow the kingdom of God on earth.

This explains why we find texts such as these addressed to the people of Israel (and later Judah):

“Therefore be careful to observe them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes, and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ For what great nation is there that has God so near to it, as the Lord our God is to us, for whatever reason we may call upon Him?” (Deuteronomy 4:6–7, NKJV).

“Therefore you are My witnesses, says the Lord, that I am God” (Isaiah 43:12, NKJV).

But don’t we see throughout the Bible that the Israelites were often unfaithful?

Unfortunately, yes. A great deal of the Old Testament is the story of God’s people failing over and over. The sad story climaxes with their rejection of Jesus (John 19:15).

But these failures didn’t change the crucial fact that they had light and truth that others around them didn’t have. It was still their mission to share it.

In other words, the remnant isn’t defined so much by the holiness of the people but by the truths these people have been given, whether or not every single one of them are faithful to that truth 100% of the time.

For example, ancient Israel didn’t keep the seventh-day Sabbath as they should have (Exodus 16; Nehemiah 13:15–19; Jeremiah 17:27; Ezekiel 20:13). And since Sabbath-keeping was unique to them in the ancient world, this was a truth that identified them as God’s remnant.

But the fact that there were instances where they broke the Sabbath had nothing to do with the truth of that teaching in itself.

If a majority of people believed the earth were flat, that wouldn’t invalidate the truth of a round earth. Similarly, God’s principles are unchanging, and He continued to entrust them to His followers throughout history.

We’ll look at His followers in the New Testament next.

Was there a remnant in the New Testament?

Adventists believe that the early Christian church of the first centuries was the remnant in New Testament times. It was made of both Jews and Gentiles.

Seventh-day Adventist scholar Hans LaRondelle notes that the early Christian church fulfilled many of the Old Testament passages about God gathering the remnant of Israel and saving them (passages such as Isaiah 10:20–22 or Jeremiah 23:3):

“Since Pentecost, the Old Testament prophecies concerning the remnant of Israel had received their fulfillment in the formation of the apostolic church.”

But he brings out the fact that the church of the end times will experience those promises to the fullest extent:

“More than that, the faithful church of Christ down through the ages, especially in the fully restored apostolic faith in the time of the end, fulfills the remnant promises of the Old Testament.”1

Ultimately, these promises of God’s end-time remnant are something to look forward to because many of the early Christians struggled and even failed to hold onto the truth.

In the New Testament, Paul predicted that there would be a time of rebellion in the church, a falling away from the truth first delivered to the apostles:

“Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction” (2 Thessalonians 2:3, ESV).

This falling away from the truth was going to take place before “that day”—the Second Coming (2 Thessalonians 2:1–2). It began during the early centuries ad and continued through the Dark Ages, when an institution, referred to here as “the man of lawlessness,” tried to take the place of God (verse 4).

The story of this rebellion and the rise of God’s final remnant is found in the book of Revelation.

Who are the remnant people in the last days?

A pregnant woman in a white dress, like the one Revelation 12 uses to symbolize God's people through whom the man child Jesus Christ came

Photo by Beau Horyza on Unsplash

Revelation 12 provides a powerful depiction of God’s remnant people at the end of time. They are a group of people who emerge after 1,260 years of persecution and remain faithful to God. This commitment makes them targets of Satan.

But we first have to understand some background.

In this chapter, God’s church is represented as a woman, which is a common symbol for the church in the Bible (Isaiah 49:15; Jeremiah 6:2; 31:22).

In Revelation 12, a woman symbolizing God’s people is about to give birth to a child.

This child is Jesus.

And then Satan, who is depicted as a dragon, seeks to destroy Him:

“The dragon stood before the woman who was ready to give birth, to devour her Child as soon as it was born” (Revelation 12:4, NKJV).

This is not just symbolic of Satan using Herod to try and kill the infant Jesus (Matthew 2:16–18). Instead, it refers to all of Satan’s attempts to destroy Jesus throughout His ministry.

But then Satan failed, and Jesus was “caught up to God and His throne” (Revelation 12:5, NKJV). And that’s where Jesus is today, ministering on our behalf in the heavenly sanctuary.

Enraged that He couldn’t stop Jesus, Satan goes after the woman who “gave birth to the male child” (Revelation 12:13, NKJV).

This woman is the faithful remnant.

In Revelation 12:6,14, we’re given a prophetic time period of 1260 days (which according to the “day for a year principle” equates to 1260 literal years).

During this time, Satan attacked the church. But despite the attacks, God preserved the church.

Adventists believe that this period was during the years of papal supremacy in the Dark Ages. A time when the Roman Church persecuted those who remained faithful to the truth.

It’s at this time that Paul’s prediction was fulfilled. The prediction of there being a great “falling away” of God’s people.

Talking about the persecution depicted in Revelation 12, Adventists teach:

“The Christian world became a battlefield. Many were imprisoned and/or executed in the name of God! During the 1260-year persecution, millions of faithful believers experienced great suffering, while many paid for their loyalty to Christ with death.”2

It’s in this context, after the specified period of persecution, that the end-time remnant church appears.

What are the characteristics of the remnant church based on Revelation 12?

After depicting Satan’s attacks on the church, the Bible then talks about his continued assault on a special group of people who arise in the end—the remnant.

“And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ” (Revelation 12:17, NKJV).

Here, we see a direct reference to the end-time remnant (the word rest here is translated as remnant).

Who are they?

The woman is the faithful church. And her “offspring” are those later generations that came from her. They’re the faithful Christians that existed after the early days of the church.

In this case though, the verses talk about “the rest of her offspring.” That is those who remain after the long centuries of suffering and persecution.

Two distinct traits characterize this remnant.

They keep the commandments of God.

Notice, it doesn’t say they “keep most of the commandments of God.” Or that they “keep all the commandments of God but ______.” It says they keep the commandments of God, all of them (Exodus 20:1–11).

Scripture is explicit:

“For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all. For He who said, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ also said, ‘Do not murder.’ Now if you do not commit adultery, but you do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law” (James 2:10–11, NKJV).

The first characteristic of this remnant is their obedience to the law of the Ten Commandments, and this includes the seventh-day Sabbath.

This doesn’t mean they’ll be saved by keeping the law. That is impossible in human strength.

Instead, they keep the law through Christ’s power. It’s an expression of their love to God for what He has done for them through the death of Jesus.

They believe it when the Bible says:

“For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome.” (1 John 5:3, NKJV).

That is, they show their love of God by keeping His commandments—all Ten of them. It’s really that simple.

They have the testimony of Jesus Christ

What is that? Revelation 19:10 defines the testimony of Jesus for us:

“For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy” (Revelation 19:10, NKJV).

In other words, the “testimony of Jesus” is revealed in the manifestation of the prophetic gift, something clearly taught in the New Testament.

Paul talked about the spiritual gifts given to the church, which include apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers (Ephesians 4:11).

The prophetic gift will be specifically seen among the end-time remnant. This gift—like all spiritual gifts the Holy Spirit gives humans—is still active among believers.

As Adventist scholar Hans LaRondelle wrote:

“Through the years Seventh-day Adventists have believed that the gift of prophecy has been manifest among them in the work of Ellen G. White.”3

Her ministry aligns with this characteristic of the remnant.

So does this mean that only a certain denomination can belong to the remnant? We’ll explore that next.

Do Adventists believe they alone are the remnant for the last days?

Absolutely not. Seventh-day Adventists have never taught that a person has to be an Adventist to be saved.

And as we have seen with ancient Israel, just being part of the remnant doesn’t guarantee salvation.

Historically, the remnant has been defined by the distinct truths it had. Distinct truths that it needed to spread to others.

It was not defined by the holiness of its people because unfortunately, many of its people weren’t always all that holy!

And the same goes for the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

Just like any church group that has ever existed on earth, it is filled with flawed people. But it also has a distinct message of truth and hope to proclaim to the world.

And this is found in the three angels’ messages in Revelation.

What is the message of the remnant people in the last days?

Seventh-day Adventists believe that God has a “present truth” message in every age (2 Peter 1:12). And for these last days, the three angels’ messages of Revelation 14:1–12 constitute the distinct message for this specific time, just before the return of Jesus.

The Church also believes that it has been called by God to proclaim these truths to the world.

That means spreading the three angels’ messages is its mission.

What are these messages?

The first angel’s message

“Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people—saying with a loud voice, ‘Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water’” (Revelation 14:6–7, NKJV).

There’s so much in here.

But the essence of the message is that the time of judgment has come. And this is in the context of the “everlasting gospel.”

And because judgment time is here, the whole world is called to worship their Creator, the one who made and sustains them.

In many ways, this “present truth” message is just a restating of basic biblical truths that go back to the Garden of Eden after the Fall.

But this time, these biblical truths are in the context of the last days of earth’s history, before the second coming of Christ.

The second angel’s message

“And another angel followed, saying, ‘Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication’” (Revelation 14:8, NKJV).

In the Old Testament, the ancient city of Babylon has always been depicted as the enemy of God and His people (2 Kings 25:6; Daniel 1:1).

And now, that imagery is used to depict those who are against God and His people in the last days.

Fornication is a biblical symbol of false teachings and false doctrines, which are unfaithfulness to God (Ezekiel 16:15; Hosea 2:5).

“Babylon” represents the collective false religion/doctrines.

Therefore, this message is to let the world know just how widespread and serious the misleading doctrines and practices of Babylon’s false religion really are.

In fact, God’s people are later called to “come out of her [Babylon]” (Revelation 18:4, NKJV).

The third angel’s message

“Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, ‘If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation’” (Revelation 14:9, 10, NKJV).

People worshiping God with hands uplifted

Photo by Pedro Lima on Unsplash

This warning depicts a time of worldwide persecution, just before Christ returns (Revelation 13:1–17).

Notice how central worship is here.

In the first angel’s message, people are called to worship God with an emphasis on Him as creator (Revelation 14:6–7).

But in the third angel’s message, people are warned about worshiping the “beast and his image,” an end-time expression of the false religions of Babylon that was depicted in the second angel’s message.

Finally, Revelation 14:12 gives us another description of God’s end-time people, His remnant:

“Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus” (Revelation 14:12, NKJV).

Again, as in the earlier mention of the remnant in Revelation 12, “the commandments of God” are one of the two main characteristics that identify it.

This second characteristic mentions “the faith of Jesus”—an expression that reveals their faith in God and their trust in Christ’s sacrificial death, which alone makes it possible for us to experience salvation and redemption.

We could say that these people truly believe in the gospel and its power to transform their lives and empower them to be faithful—no matter what.

Why do Adventists emphasize the concept of the remnant?

The earth illuminated with God's glory as Adventists proclaim the everlasting gospel of Jesus Christ

Photo by NASA on Unsplash

Adventists believe that the remnant is an important concept that the Bible itself emphasizes. God doesn’t want the remnant to be an exclusive group; He wants as many as possible to join it and be prepared for Jesus’ second coming.

This group will have the following identifying marks:

  1. A proclamation of the gospel—salvation by faith in Jesus Christ
  2. Faithfulness to the commandments of God, including the seventh-day Sabbath
  3. The manifestation of “the spirit of prophecy”
  4. Preparation for Jesus’ second coming

We see these characteristics in the Adventist Church, and we have the privilege of sharing the truth for the present time so that others can be part of that group too.

What does the concept of the remnant mean for us today?

The whole idea of a remnant group of people is that God is our refuge and strength (Psalm 46:1), and that He will always make sure His message and His people persevere, even when things seem impossible. He will never leave us or forsake us (Deuteronomy 31:6).

There is no special favor or reward for any of God’s remnant groups throughout history. Rather, the end-time remnant is a group of people that makes use of the spiritual gift of prophecy and proclaims the three angels’ messages, just as the Holy Spirit has empowered individuals with other spiritual gifts in times past.

The real takeaway here is that our mighty God is the victor, and He loves humanity enough to do whatever it takes to save us (John 3:16, 17).

He will even bestow upon humans remarkable spiritual gifts to make sure His Word is shared with those who want to hear it (1 Corinthians 12:4–11).

And everyone who claims Jesus as their savior, recognizing His sacrifice to free us from the influence of “Babylon,” will be called to meet Jesus in the air when He returns for us (Joel 2:32; 1 Thessalonians 4:17).

Bible Verses About the Remnant

2 Kings 19:30–31
Ezra 9:8
Isaiah 10:20–22
Isaiah 37:31–32
Jeremiah 23:3
Jeremiah 31:7
Jeremiah 42:2–12
Joel 2:32

Micah 5:2–3
Micah 7:18
Zephaniah 3:13
Haggai 1:12–14
Zechariah 8:12
Romans 9:27
Romans 11:5

Related Articles

  1. Handbook of Seventh-day Adventist Theology, Review and Herald, 2000, pp. 864–865. []
  2. Seventh-day Adventists Believe, Ministerial Association of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, 2005, pp. 184–185 []
  3. Handbook of Seventh-day Adventist Theology, p. 888. []

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